Special needs


Special needs

Menstruation or critical days should last a maximum of 8 days.

The maximum amount of discharge occurs on the 2 -4 days of the cycle, then they decrease and become quite scarce.

And here is where the fun begins. ⠀

Most girls, women buy one type of pads and because of this, the changing of pads is incorrect.

Pads, like tampons, have different absorbency, which is why they are divided into 2, 3-4, and 4-5 drops.

There are even 6 drops that absorb up to 75 ml of liquid.

And depending on the amount of discharge for menstruation, you must have at least three options for hygiene products. ⠀

The second serious misconception is that many use night pads during the day.

This is not right due to their technical features.

The granules in these night pads are distributed in such a way that their main part is located at the back on the wider part and in front, the center of these pads has granules that are filled by 3 drops.

It is better to use “Super” or “Super plus” pads during the Day; they are longer and more substantial for daytime when a person is standing upright. ⠀

Another misconception is the incorrect replacement of pads.

By the way, by the number of changes in the pads, can determine whether your period is heavy or not.

If 4-6 pads per day are enough for each shift after 4-6 hours, then this is a moderate menstruation.

If the pads change is more often than 2 hours – this is bleeding and you must definitely go to the doctor. ⠀

Another feature of the pads is the gel that forms the substrate, which is only inside the embossed area, clearly marked on each pad.

And if this zone is dirty, then a change is necessary, even more often than after 4 hours. ⠀

It happens that it is impossible to change after 4 hours – then you can use tampons and pads. ⠀


Wear cotton instead of synthetic, as tight-fitting polyester briefs promote the growth of bacteria, which can lead to the development of a number of gynecological diseases.

Wear synthetic lace underwear only in exceptional cases.

Soap, gels, foams.

There are special products for intimate hygiene.

There are: acidic (low pH), neutral, alkaline (high pH).

Front to back.

Hand movement should always be directed from front to back.

The vaginal flora is safe for the intestines, but the intestinal for the vagina is not, so you need to try not to “bring” the bacteria into the genitals.



A slight soreness in the lower abdomen is a common symptom of menstruation for many. However, severe pain during this period or the scientific language – algo dismenorea, should be the reason for going to the doctor.

Possible causes can be both primary (in young girls during the formation of the menstrual cycle), and secondary:

  1. Anomalies in the development and trauma of the genital organs;
  2. Surgical interventions and adhesions of the pelvic organs;
  3. The use of intrauterine contraceptives (spirals);
  4. Infectious and inflammatory diseases;
  5. Varicose veins of the pelvic organs;
  6. Complicated childbirth or abortion;
  7. Neurotic diseases.

The causes of pain during menstruation are various, from slight discomfort to more serious symptoms:

  1. Unbearable pain in the lower abdomen and lower back;
  2. The rise in body temperature;
  3. Nausea or vomiting;
  4. Disorders in the intestines;
  5. Headaches;
  6. Fainting, etc.

In a mild course, the condition can be alleviated by the use of antispasmodics and analgesics. ⠀

Medium and severe degrees require additional diagnosis and selection of therapy:

  1. Anesthetics;
  2. Anti-inflammatory and antibacterial therapy for the detection of infectious and inflammatory diseases;
  3. Hormone therapy;
  4. Removal of intrauterine contraceptives;
  5. Symptomatic therapy in determining the pathology that caused the symptoms;
  6. Sedatives;
  7. Magnesium supplements;
  8. Psychotherapy.

Intense pain during menstruation must be differentiated from acute gynecological and surgical diseases requiring emergency care.

Do not tolerate pain when disturbing symptoms occur – consult a specialist for diagnosis and selection of therapy.



All women and girls are faced with the choice of intimate hygiene products on critical days. We are influenced by history, culture, advertising, comfort and sensations, and our awareness.

There are many studies on the dangers/safety of a hygiene product.

So, what are the means of intimate hygiene for women in the modern market:

1) Disposable pads. Probably the most popular hygiene product. They have a different composition and filling for better absorption of secretions, an adhesive layer that allows you to keep well on your clothes, easy to use, easy to buy.

2) Reusable pads. They are made of fabric, attached to the linen with buttons, require washing, you will not find them in a regular pharmacy or store.

3) Tampons. As well as pads consist of viscose, cotton, or a mixture thereof. They are inserted with a finger or applicator into the vagina, it is necessary to change at least 4-6 hours, you can swim in the sea or pool, it is not noticeable, but there is a risk of causing TSH (toxic shock syndrome)

4) Menstrual cup (mouthpiece). The shape made of medical silicone is reminiscent of a bowl, soft, reusable, lasts up to 5 years, collects secretions inside the vagina, it is necessary to choose the size and learn how to use it, it can be worn inside for up to 12 hours, economical.

There are also disposable menstrual cups – it looks like a plastic disc with a film inside, they are several times cheaper, not popular, and difficult to find.

5) Menstrual panties. They are similar to ordinary ones, but have a special absorbent layer for a small amount of secretions. Reusable, washable, suitable for not abundant discharge or on the first and last day of menstruation, can be used both independently and in addition to tamponsor just as an incase situation.



No magic, only physics! Nature tried when it created a tourmaline mineral gem. Scientists have analyzed its properties and described them. The task was to put the jewel in the gasket.

They thought for almost 10 years. And the finished technology was patented and started production.

So where is the physics? It turned out that under the influence of moisture, heat, and friction, tourmaline produces anions (up to 6500 anions per 1 cm³). Anions are negatively charged ions. They neutralize positively charged ions. The latter include pathogenic microflora – viruses, bacteria, etc. Anions live in the air. And the more anions, the cleaner and healthier people are. For comparison: in mountain air 15,000 anions per 1 cm³, and in an apartment there are only 25-30 anions per 1 cm³. Therefore, in closed rooms, a sneeze and the chain goes.

If you delve into physics and free radicals, it will be difficult to understand.


The frantic rhythm of our time dictates its own rules: modern women should always be in time to do everything. Work, family, leisure, fitness make women spin like a squirrel in a wheel. In such moments, when a little not up to myself. Oh miracle! Daily laying helps out!

But are they helpful and do they save in certain situations? Here are a few reasons why you should not get involved in them!

1) Pads are made of non-woven materials, cellulose, which interfere with the natural circulation of air. In such conditions, the microbes of the vagina and external genitalia, which normally live there without causing discomfort to the woman, multiply very actively. There are pathological discharges with the smell, itching, and irritation of the external genital organs.

2) When using pads, air exchange is disturbed, the external genitalia overheat and a greenhouse effect occurs. Again microbes are activated. It is because of this that the pads themselves become the cause of the discharge, and do not save from them.

3) Fragrances and dyes in the pads cause allergic reactions, dermatitis of the external genital organs, itching, and discomfort.

4) Mechanical friction in contact with the skin and mucous membrane with the lining can lead to blockage of the duct of the sebaceous glands and pores of the skin, as a result of this, ingrown hair, inflammation of the hair follicles, atheroma can appear.


Their use is possible, but in limited cases:

1) in the treatment of vaginal suppositories and tablets;

2) when physiological discharge occurs: the first/last days of menstruation (scanty, spotting) and in the middle of the menstrual cycle (copious mucous membranes);

3) for long trips, when the possibility of personal hygiene is in question.

If the need for their use rises, then:

1) use gaskets with a cotton layer (thicker), give preference to manufacturers of environmentally friendly materials.

2) without flavorings and colorings.

3) change every 3 to 4 hours.

4) while wearing loose underwear.

5) do not use it in hot times and/or night times.



Women all over the world are divided into two camps (in addition to blondes and brunettes): fans of tampons and lovers of pads.

If with pads everything is more or less clear, and you can argue mainly about their convenience, then tampons cause a lot of fears, assumptions, and rumors.

How did they appear?

A gynecological swab is a mass of absorbent material of a cylindrical shape, primarily used for insertion into a woman’s vagina in order to retain menstrual blood.

The first tampons, similar to modern ones, at the beginning of the 30s of the last century, were created by the American doctor Earl Haas, presumably from the filing of his wife.

The invention was cotton wool wrapped in gauze. The product was called Tampax (from the English tampon and pack – tampon and packaging). The first tampons did not have an applicator or a rope. The fate of the novelty at first turned out to be sad: the American monster Johnson & Johnson was not interested in it, and the patent was sold to the side.

The industrial production of tampons began in 1936. Now the owner of the Tampax brand is Procter & Gamble, and Johnson & Johnson have been promoting the alternative brand of tampons “o.b.” since 1950.

Over the past 70 years, tampons have been improved, although they have not fundamentally changed. Appeared: a lace sewn into a tampon, an applicator, a silky top layer that facilitates insertion.

Tampons began to be divided according to the degree of absorbency – mini, normal, super, super plus. The essence remained the same: the tampon is made from a mixture of specially processed and bleached natural fibers – cotton and viscose, pressed into a cylinder of a certain density. The tampon fibers are snow-white, but chlorine is not used for bleaching, which prevents dangerous levels of dioxin.

There are no chemical ingredients in tampons. In contrast, by the way, from pads filled with substances that convert liquid to gel and can cause irritation of the mucous membrane in direct contact.

So those swabs are almost 100 years old!

What is considered in the production of tampons? 

1) Absorption; 

2) Quality and respectability of tampons; 

3) Do tampons advance the development of pathogenic microorganisms and repress the development of typical microbes. 

Security. Is it protected? 

One of the issues with utilizing tampons is (STS) harmful stun disorder, an uncommon however exceptionally hazardous condition related to the poisonous impact and development of Staphylococcus aureus (Staphylococcus aureus) 

In the course of recent years, the recurrence of revealed instances of STH related to the utilization of tampons has diminished; This is because of the way that makers accurately name their items, demonstrating how to utilize tampons. 

It was discovered that the danger of TSH is higher in those ladies who utilize a greater number of swabs than would normally be appropriate, and they have a more extended swab than suggested. 

The most effective method to utilize tampons to get more productivity and less danger of reactions !? 


1) Wash your hands before usage; 

2) Even in the event that you utilized tampons for your entire life, read the guidelines; 

3) Use tampons just on the times of feminine cycle, they are not proposed to retain everyday emissions; 

4) Change the swab every 4-8 hours and don’t head to sleep by embeddings the swab; in the event that you don’t transform it around evening time, utilize a superior gasket; 

5) Use a swab with the fundamental retentiveness (given the measure of blood misfortune). 

6) Beware of agony and distress. An appropriately embedded swab ought not be felt. 

7) If you feel that you abruptly have a fever, retching, or looseness of the bowels, you feel that you are losing cognizance, unsteadiness, or a rash – these can be an indication of SS (harmful stun disorder). Evacuate the swab quickly and counsel a specialist.

tampon myths

Tampons cause a lot of concern. Let’s discuss the most common!

1) Tampons do not prevent the outflow of menstrual blood and can not create the effect of a cork – blood seeps through it and freely flows out;

2) Tampons are not the cause of changes in the vaginal microflora and an increase in the number of bacteria – changes in the composition of the vaginal environment are associated with menstruation itself; the composition of the swab (cotton, viscose or a combination thereof) also does not affect the microflora of the vagina;

3) Tampons do not lead to rupture of the hymen – the hole for the outflow of blood in it is large enough (about 1.5 cm) and the pleura itself is quite elastic on the days of menstruation. Absorbing moisture, the tampon increases mainly in length and, when excreted, also cannot lead to the loss of virginity;

4) Tampons are not the cause of “bad” sexual habits. When correctly inserted, the tampon is located in the vaginal area poor in receptors and is not at all felt therefore physically cannot become a provocateur of erotic sensations;

5) Tampons do not cause endometriosis, cervical erosion, infertility, and do not affect the duration of the cycle and menstruation itself.

Firstly, the vagina has a high adaptability.

Secondly, the tampon does not directly contact the uterus, which also adapts well and is reasonably well protected;

Thirdly, the duration of the cycle depends on the physiology of the woman, her hormonal background, body structure, health status, weight, and other internal factors, and not at all on whether a small cotton ball is inserted into the vagina for several hours;

6) Tampons themselves cannot get into the uterus, get stuck in the body forever or get lost – with little muscle effort (preferably sitting on the toilet) the tampon inserted too deeply, if it is saturated with secretions, it will come out even if the cord comes off, By the way, it is also almost impossible, since the lace can withstand a load of up to 5 kg and is firmly sewn into a tampon.


As a means of hygiene, mouthguards appeared simultaneously with tampons in the 30s but did not get as much popularity as the latter, since it was economically unprofitable to promote them, because it was a purchase for a long time, and there was a time when it was considered indecent discuss some feminine details and special needs.

A new wave of urgency came in the 80s, when women appeared who began to look for environmentally friendly and safe alternatives to pads and tampons. ⠀

Disadvantages of disposable products are obvious: ⠀

1) Disposability. On average, every woman spends 11,000 pads in her life; ⠀

2) Bleached cotton swabs often contain toxic dioxin residues; ⠀

3) the likelihood of toxic shock; ⠀

4) leakage; ⠀

5) smell; ⠀

6) The material of most pads is similar to diapers. ⠀

These former assistants today have a healthy alternative.

What are the benefits of using menstrual cups !?

1) It is convenient to use – they have an anatomical shape, do not feel in the vagina. You just forget about them after some time;

2) Safe for health, hypoallergenic. In this case, the quality of the silicone and the absence of harmful dyes are very important;

3) A bowl holds more blood than a swab

4) You should clean it only once every 6-12 hours

5) Bowls help to save on hygiene products, since their service life is up to 10 years;

6) environmentally friendly


  1. Allergic reactions
  2. Inflammatory processes in the genitourinary system.
  3. Tumors of the cervix or vagina.
  4. Surgical interventions.
  5. Postpartum tears or prolapse of the pelvic organs.
  6. The presence of an intrauterine device.
  7. Also, without consulting a specialist, it is not recommended to use reusable menstruation cups for virgins.

In each case, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist.

10 rules for using a cup!

1) First, you can use water-based lubricants to facilitate the introduction of the bowl;

2) The size and type of the bowl should be selected based on the resources of each manufacturer.

3) Do not neglect the instructions!

4) Do not buy cheap bowls from obscure material that is not certified.

5) This item should only be made of medical silicone that has passed the biocompatibility test or plastic elastomer with all certificates.

6) It is best to take out a bowl in the bathroom while taking a shower.

7) You need to adapt to the bowl. Usually, the addiction process lasts 2-3 cycles, after which many women decide to say goodbye to pads and tampons forever.

8) There is a percentage of women who need more than three cycles to get used to mouth caps. It is important to give yourself time.

9) In the first cycles, it is better to use pillows, at least to cope with the fear of stains.

10) If you have even the slightest doubt about your health, you should consult your geneticist.

HOW TO CORRECTLY Sterilize a cup?

1) Put the bowl in boiling water so that it is completely covered with water.

2) Boil the cup for 3-5 minutes, making sure that the menstrual cup is completely immersed in boiling water for the duration of the sterilization.

3) In the same way, you can sterilize the bowl in the microwave. It is enough to immerse the bowl in a cup of water and turn on the microwave for 3 – 5 minutes.

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